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How to raise laying hens, which breeds lay the most eggs and how to introduce them to your vegetable garden or garden. From the construction of the chicken coop to outdoor farming.
Why raise laying hens?
Because a couple of laying hens are enough to obtain a good egg production. They need little space and can be raised outdoors.
The need is clear, to increase the collective sense of food awareness. Consumers are no longer sure of what they ingest and for this many people are taking on a conscience self-productive. Anyone who has a garden or a small vegetable garden will have no difficulty in raising a couple oflaying hensin a healthy and functional way.
Just as drugs affect the health of the fetus in the womb, the hormones administered to the laying hensintensive farming conditions the healthiness of the eggs in formation. Often, when we buy products obtained from factory farms, what ends up on our table may not be as healthy as it should be.
Not just nutrition in order to maximize egg production. In recent times, there have been several scandals involving the food world and eggs have been hit several times. The question of fipronil in eggs upset any consumer for both direct and indirect damage. Eggs are an ingredient for brioches, snacks, drinks and baked goods of all kinds. Just as the glyphosate in the flour has contaminated unimaginable foodstuffs (pasta, bread, biscuits, baked goods…), fipronil has had a similar impact. As after any food scandal, the authorities reassure the population by talking about "normal levels" but the consumer remains in doubt. So why not embrace self-production as much as possible?
There is nothing better than starting a small breeding of laying hens, so you can "to collect" the coveted fresh egg of the day.
How to raise laying hens
In this article we will focus on the free grazing of laying hens, basically about the possibility ofraising hens outdoors. The technique is used to easily handle a small chicken coop.
The recommended period for starting the breeding of laying hens it falls between September-October, so as to guarantee optimal laying. Breeding begins with animals of about 5 months who will lay the first eggs after 1-2 months.
Building a chicken coop
Once taken, the laying hens should be placed in the chicken coop where they will have to remain closed for about a week to get them used to the new hospitalization.
In the shelter, the nest for the laying of the eggs must not be accessible but will be discovered only from the sixth-seventh month of life of the hensjust in time for their sexual maturity and spawning.
After the first week during which the laying hens have been locked up, they will be grazed in a specially set up enclosure near the chicken coop. The fence will have to be dismantled after two days, so all you need to do is set up a net. Access to the enclosure should be allowed only during the hottest hours of the day.
From the eleventh day it will be granted at laying hens, free pasture from morning to sunset. From the sixth, seventh month, when the hens have begun to lay eggs, it will be necessary to avoid free grazing in the morning hours and to allow it only from early afternoon to sunset, when they will independently return to the chicken coop.
In the morning hens they lay their eggs and with grazing they could lay them in the garden and not in the special nest. The nest must be "tempting ", stuffed with clean and chopped straw.
Who prefersraising hens outdoors, however, will have to set up a small shelter / shelter, where the hens can set up a nest and take refuge on cold or rainy days.
The shelter for chickens and hens can be purchased pre-manufactured or can be made with the DIY. On “this Amazon page” you can see a large number of offers, where well-made boxes and chicken coops can be purchased with very affordable budgets. With an investment of 70 - 80 euros it is possible to buy a compact and easy to clean prefabricated chicken coop. Obviously chicken coop forbreeding of 10 or more laying hens they are more expensive!
For the construction of a DIY chicken coop, I refer you to the page: How to build a mobile chicken coop.
How many eggs does a laying hen lay?
It all depends on the breed, nutrition, climate and quality of life of the hen. In any case, for the production of eggs we advise you to adopt two hens and a rooster. Which breed to choose? It depends on your production ambitions. Here are a fewbreeds of laying hensthat could graze free in your garden, using only a small shelter to shelter from the cold and lay eggs.
Breeds of laying hens
Below is a short list of the breeds of laying hens and the quantity of eggs produced in the annual cycle.
How many eggs does the Paduan hen lay?
Its eggs are the ones we most often bring to the table. On average, the Paduan hen produces 150 eggs per year.
How many eggs does the Leghorn hen lay?
The Leghorn hen produces white-shelled eggs. The white eggs they have the same qualities of orange-brown shell eggs, in the kitchen they can be more appreciated for the color of the yolk but as regards the nutritional values there are no appreciable differences. These Laying hens of the Leghorn breedthey produce, on average, 250 eggs per year.
How many eggs does the Orpington hen lay?
This cup has a very sociable character, so it is the most suitable for outdoor breeding. It has a low tendency to scratch and this is another point in its favor if you want to raise laying hens near a vegetable garden. How many eggs does it lay? On average 180 per year.
How many eggs does the Wyandotte hen lay?
It is highly appreciated for its appearance. It produces an average of 200 eggs per year, with a pink shell. It has a plumage rich in borders and besides being considered onelaying breedit is appreciated as an ornamental hen.
Note: it is possible to start breeding also in spring but in this case it is better to choose 6-7 month old hens, ready for laying. The reason? With the summer heat, the hens decrease egg laying.
Ideally, between spring and summer you should start work to build a chicken coop and then buy 5-month-old hens, to be introduced into your garden between late summer and early autumn.